DEPARTMENT OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE

 

Course accredited with NBEMS(41217)

  • DNB IN EMERGENCY MEDICINE
  • DNB EMERGENCY MEDICINE Post MBBS 3 Years 2 Seats

 

INTRODUCTION TO EMERGENCY MEDICINE:

Emergency Medicine (EM) is a vital specialty which provides an essential service for patients and communities and fulfils a unique and crucial remit within the national healthcare system. International Federation for Emergency Medicine defines Emergency Medicine (EM) as a field of practice based on the knowledge and skills required for the prevention, diagnosis and management of acute and urgent aspects of illness and injury affecting patients of all age groups with a full spectrum of undifferentiated physical and behavioral disorders. It further encompasses an understanding of the development of pre-hospital and in-hospital emergency medical systems and the skills necessary for this development.

PROGRAMME GOALS:

The goal of the training program is to produce Emergency Physicians with the necessary knowledge, skill and attitude to diagnose and manage a wide range of clinical problems in Emergency Medicine as seen in the community or in secondary/tertiary care setting in an effective manner.

The qualities to be absolutely necessary:

  • Sound knowledge and skills of the emergency aspects of medical and surgical speciality, and its application within the golden hour.
  • Competent in life saving emergency interventions and appropriately use various diagnostic tests, and interpret their results intelligently & promptly.
  • Be familiar with the fundamentals of research methodology.
  • Possess humanistic qualities, attitudes and behaviour necessary for the development of appropriate patient-doctor relationship.
  • To assist and if necessary train juniors.
  • To keep up-to-date and be familiar with all recent advances in the field of Emergency medicine.
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    PROGRAMME OBJECTIVES:

    1. KNOWLEDGE & SKILLS:

    As a result of the training under this program, at the end of 3 years of postgraduate training, a resident must acquire the following knowledge, skills and competencies:

    a) A thorough knowledge of pathological abnormalities, clinical manifestations, and principles of management of a large variety of medical and surgical emergencies of pediatrics, adults and geriatrics, affecting any organ system.

    b) Skill and competence to choose and interpret correctly the results of the various routine investigations necessary for proper management of the patient. While ordering these investigations, a resident must be able to understand the sensitivity, specificity and the predictive value of the proposed investigation, as well as its cost- effectiveness in the management of the patient.

    c) Skill and competence in emergency interventions like end tracheal intubations, needle cricothyrotomy, tracheostomy, needle thoracocentesis, Intercostal drain placement, pericardiocentesis, defibrillation, mechanical ventilation, hemodialysis, ultrasonography, Echo so on and so forth.

    d) Skills and competence to perform commonly used diagnostic procedures, namely, lumbar puncture, bone marrow aspiration/biopsy, liver/nerve/muscle/ skin/ kidney/ pleural biopsy, fine needle aspiration cytology of palpable lumps, pleural/pericardial/abdominal/joint fluid aspiration.

    e) Skill and competence to choose and interpret correctly the results of specialized investigations including radiologic, ultra-sonographic, biochemical, hemodynamic, electro-cardio graphic, electrophysiological, pulmonary functional, hematological, immunological, nuclear isotope scanning and arterial blood gas analysis results.

    f) Skill and competence to provide consultation to other medical and surgical specialties and sub-specialties, whenever needed.

    g) Skill and competence to function effectively in varied clinical settings, namely emergency/critical care, ambulatory care, out-patient clinic, inpatient wards.

    h) Skill and competence to take sound decisions regarding hospitalization, or timely referral to other consultants of various medical sub specialties recognizing his limitations in knowledge and skills in these areas.

    i) Proficiency in selecting correct drug combinations for different clinical problems with thorough knowledge of their pharmacological effects, side effects, interactions with the other drugs, alteration of their metabolism in different clinical situations, including that in the elderly.

    j) Skill and competence to advise on the preventive, restorative and rehabilitative aspects including those in the elderly, so as to be able to counsel the patient correctly after recovery from an acute or chronic illness.

    k) Skill and competence to understand research methodology in Emergency medicine and to undertake a critical appraisal of the literature published in various emergency medical journals and be able to apply the same in the setting in which the resident is working.

    l) Skill and competence to work cohesively in Resuscitation team along with paramedical personnel, maintain discipline and healthy interaction with the colleagues.

    m) Skill and competence to communicate clearly and consciously, and teach other junior residents, medical students, nurses and other paramedical staff, the theory as well as the practical clinical skills required for the practice of Emergency Medicine.

    2. INTEGRATION :

    The entire educational program will be conducted in an integrated and co-ordinated manner in association with various pre-clinical, para-clinical and clinical departments. The senior staff members of these departments will be requested to give lectures on various topics in relation with Emergency medicine, and focus on applied aspects.

    What are the admission requirements for the program:

    Candidates should have successfully completed MBBS, recognized by MCI and completed one year of Internship.
    Candidates interested in PG Courses should have appeared in the NEET exam of NBE, conducted recently.

    Contact us @ 7708259595 / e-mail – vims@vadamalayan.org